Net::Duo::Object

(Helper base class for Duo objects)

SYNOPSIS

    package Net::Duo::Admin::Token 1.00;

    use parent qw(Net::Duo::Object);

    sub fields {
        return {
            token_id => 'simple',
            type     => 'simple',
            serial   => 'simple',
            users    => 'Net::Duo::Admin::User',
        };
    }

    Net::Duo::Admin::Token->install_accessors;

REQUIREMENTS

Perl 5.14 or later and the modules HTTP::Request and HTTP::Response (part of HTTP::Message), JSON, LWP (also known as libwww-perl), Perl6::Slurp, Sub::Install, and URI::Escape (part of URI), all of which are available from CPAN.

DESCRIPTION

The Duo API contains a variety of objects, represented as JSON objects with multiple fields. This objects often embed other objects inside them. To provide a nice Perl API with getters, setters, and commit and delete methods on individual objects, we want to wrap these Duo REST API objects in Perl classes.

This module serves as a base class for such objects and does the dirty work of constructing an object from decoded JSON data and building the accessors automatically from a field specification.

This class should normally be considered an internal implementation detail of the Net::Duo API. Only developers of the Net::Duo modules should need to worry about it. Callers can use other Net::Duo API objects without knowing anything about how this class works.

FIELD SPECIFICATION

Any class that wants to use Net::Duo::Object to construct itself must provide a field specification. This is a data structure that describes all the data fields in that object. It is used by the generic Net::Duo::Object constructor to build the Perl data structure for an object, and by the install_accessors() class method to create the accessors for the class.

The client class must provide a class method named _fields() that returns a reference to a hash. The keys of the hash are the field names of the data stored in an object of that class. The values specify the type of data stored in that field. Each value may be either a simple string or a reference to an array, in which case the first value is the type and the remaining values are flags. The types must be chosen from the following:

array

An array of simple text, number, or boolean values.

simple

A simple text, number, or boolean field,

class

The name of a class. This field should then contain an array of zero or more instances of that class, and the constructor for that class will be called with the resulting structures.

The flags must be chosen from the following:

boolean

This is a boolean field. Convert all values to true or false before sending the data to Duo. Only makes sense with a field of type simple.

set

Generate a setter for this field. install_accessors() will, in addition to adding a method to retrieve the value, will add a method named after the field but prefixed with set_ that will set the value of that field and remember that it's been changed locally. Changed fields will then be pushed back to Duo via the commit() method.

zero_or_one

This is a boolean field that wants values of 0 or 1. Convert all values to 1 or 0 before sending the data to Duo. Only makes sense with a field of type simple.

CLASS METHODS

create(DUO, URI, DATA)

A general constructor for creating a new object in Duo. Takes a Net::Duo object, the URI of the REST endpoint for object creation, and a reference to a hash of object data. This method should be overridden by subclasses to provide the URI and only expose the DUO and DATA arguments to the caller. Returns the newly-blessed object containing the data returned by Duo.

install_accessors()

Using the field specification, creates accessor functions for each data field that return copies of the data stored in that field, or undef if there is no data.

new(DUO, DATA)

A general constructor for Net::Duo objects. Takes a Net::Duo object and a reference to a hash, which contains the data for an object of the class being constructed. Using the field specification for that class, the data will be copied out of the object into a Perl data structure, converting nested objects to other Net::Duo objects as required.

INSTANCE METHODS

commit(URI)

A general method for committing changes to an object to Duo. Takes the URI of the REST endpoint for object modification. This method should be overridden by subclasses to provide the URI and only expose an argument-less method.

After commit(), the internal representation of the object will be refreshed to match the new data returned by the Duo API for that object. Therefore, other fields of the object may change after commit() if some other user has changed other, unrelated fields in the object.

It's best to think of this method as a synchronize operation: changed data is written back, overwriting what's in Duo, and unchanged data may be overwritten by whatever is currently in Duo, if it is different.

json()

Convert the data stored in the object to JSON and return the results. The resulting JSON should match the JSON that one would get back from the Duo web service when retrieving the same object (plus any changes made locally to the object via set_*() methods). This is primarily intended for debugging dumps or for passing Duo objects to other systems via further JSON APIs.

AUTHOR

Russ Allbery <rra@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2015 Russ Allbery <rra@cpan.org>

Copyright 2014 The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

SEE ALSO

Net::Duo

This module is part of the Net::Duo distribution. The current version of Net::Duo is available from CPAN, or directly from its web site at <http://www.eyrie.org/~eagle/software/net-duo/>.

Last modified and spun 2015-08-16