rra-c-util 6.1

(Russ Allbery's utility libraries for C)
Maintained by Russ Allbery <eagle@eyrie.org>

Copyright 2000, 2009-2010, 2013-2016 Russ Allbery <eagle@eyrie.org>. Copyright 2009-2014 The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. This software is distributed under a BSD-style license. Please see the section LICENSE below for more information.

BLURB

rra-c-util is my collection of portability functions, utility functions, Autoconf macros, and related shared C infrastructure, akin to gnulib but without any GPL-covered code and additional support for Kerberos and PAM development. It serves as a common repository of code and infrastructure used across multiple projects so that files have a canonical latest version. It's not intended for installation as a regular package; instead, other packages are expected to copy files from here as needed.

DESCRIPTION

The origins of this package are in the libinn utility library in INN. Some of the utility and portability functions here are directly inspired by or based on versions in older versions of INN, and I wrote and rewrote considerable additional portability code and utility libraries when I took over INN maintenance. When I started maintaining other C packages, I started copying pieces of libinn into those packages and merging it with other portability and utility code. Over time, each package gained a slightly different version of various utility functions, replacements for missing functions, and Autoconf macros.

The goal of this package is to merge all the various versions of any portability or utility code that's used in more than one of my packages in one place. Then, each package can update to the latest rra-c-util version before each release and gain from the improvements made for all other packages. You can think of it as my version of Gnulib [1], with everything released under a permissive license (no GPL).

As well as C portability frameworks, Autoconf macros, and a general C utility library, this package has also accumulated a considerable collection of standard tests (for C and Perl packages) and a large library of test utilities and support functions. It also includes extensive support for writing and testing PAM modules, and a portable implementation of AFS PAGs.

This package uses the infrastructure of C TAP Harness for testing, but is not the canonical version of tests/runtests.c, tests/tap/basic.[ch], tests/tap/macros.h, or tests/tap/libtap.sh. Those files should be pulled from C TAP Harness [2] instead.

[1] https://www.gnu.org/software/gnulib/
[2] https://www.eyrie.org/~eagle/software/c-tap-harness/

REQUIREMENTS

Everything requires a C compiler to build and expects an ISO C89 or later C compiler and libraries. Presence of strdup is also assumed, which is guaranteed by POSIX 2008 but common in many earlier C libraries as well. Otherwise, the files are meant to be copied into packages and the requirements depend on which files one copies.

A Kerberos library, either MIT Kerberos or Heimdal, is required to build this package as-is, since the Kerberos portability layer is built and tested by default. The other code will run fine without this requirement when copied into other packages.

PAM libraries and headers are required to build the package as-is, since the PAM supporting library is built and tested by default. Other code can be copied from this package without introducing a PAM dependency.

To build the the kafs portability layer, one of Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris 11, the kafs library that comes with either Heimdal or KTH Kerberos, the kopenafs library that comes with newer OpenAFS, AFS header files (on any other platform besides AIX or IRIX), or AFS libraries (on AIX and IRIX) is required. AIX binaries with AFS PAG support may not run on AIX systems that do not have an AFS client installed due to how AIX handles system calls.

To run the full test suite, and to use the Perl test support libraries, Perl 5.6.2 or later is required. The following additional Perl modules will be used if present:

All are available on CPAN. Those tests will be skipped if the modules are not available.

To enable tests that don't detect functionality problems but are used to sanity-check the release, set the environment variable RELEASE_TESTING to a true value. To enable tests that may be sensitive to the local environment or that produce a lot of false positives without uncovering many problems, set the environment variable AUTHOR_TESTING to a true value.

To bootstrap from a Git checkout, or if you change the Automake files and need to regenerate Makefile.in, you will need Automake 1.11 or later. For bootstrap or if you change configure.ac or any of the m4 files it includes and need to regenerate configure or config.h.in, you will need Autoconf 2.64 or later. Perl is also required to generate manual pages from a fresh Git checkout.

BUILDING

You can build rra-c-util with the standard commands:

    ./configure
    make

If you are building from a Git clone, first run ./bootstrap in the source directory to generate the build files. Building outside of the source directory is also supported, if you wish, by creating an empty directory and then running configure with the correct relative path.

Pass --enable-kafs to configure to attempt to build kafs support, which will use either an existing libkafs or libkopenafs library or build the kafs replacement included in this package. You can also add --without-libkafs to force the use of the internal kafs replacement.

Normally, configure will use krb5-config to determine the flags to use to compile with your Kerberos libraries. To specify a particular krb5-config script to use, either set the PATH_KRB5_CONFIG environment variable or pass it to configure like:

    ./configure PATH_KRB5_CONFIG=/path/to/krb5-config

If krb5-config isn't found, configure will look for the standard Kerberos libraries in locations already searched by your compiler. If the the krb5-config script first in your path is not the one corresponding to the Kerberos libraries you want to use, or if your Kerberos libraries and includes aren't in a location searched by default by your compiler, you need to specify a different Kerberos installation root via --with-krb5=PATH. For example:

    ./configure --with-krb5=/usr/pubsw

You can also individually set the paths to the include directory and the library directory with --with-krb5-include and --with-krb5-lib. You may need to do this if Autoconf can't figure out whether to use lib, lib32, or lib64 on your platform.

To not use krb5-config and force library probing even if there is a krb5-config script on your path, set PATH_KRB5_CONFIG to a nonexistent path:

    ./configure PATH_KRB5_CONFIG=/nonexistent

krb5-config is not used and library probing is always done if either --with-krb5-include or --with-krb5-lib are given.

GSS-API libraries are found the same way: with krb5-config by default if it is found, and a --with-gssapi=PATH flag to specify the installation root. PATH_KRB5_CONFIG is similarly used to find krb5-config for the GSS-API libraries, and --with-gssapi-include and --with-gssapi-lib can be used to specify the exact paths, overriding any krb5-config results.

Pass --enable-silent-rules to configure for a quieter build (similar to the Linux kernel). Use make warnings instead of make to build with full GCC compiler warnings (requires a relatively current version of GCC).

Installing rra-c-util is not normally done. Instead, see the section on using this code below.

TESTING

rra-c-util comes with a test suite, which you can run after building with:

    make check

If a test fails, you can run a single test with verbose output via:

    tests/runtests -o <name-of-test>

Do this instead of running the test program directly since it will ensure that necessary environment variables are set up.

USING THIS CODE

While there is an install target, it's present only because Automake provides it automatically. Its use is not recommended. Instead, the code in this package is intended to be copied into your package and refreshed from the latest release of rra-c-util for each release.

You can obviously copy the code and integrate it however works best for your package and your build system. Here's how I do it for my packages as an example:

I also copy over all the relevant tests from the tests directory and the build machinery for them from Makefile.am so that the portability and utility layer are tested along with the rest of the package. The test driver should come from C TAP Harness.

SUPPORT

The rra-c-util web page at:

    https://www.eyrie.org/~eagle/software/rra-c-util/

will always have the current version of this package, the current documentation, and pointers to any additional resources.

For bug tracking, use the issue tracker on GitHub:

    https://github.com/rra/rra-c-util/issues

However, please be aware that I tend to be extremely busy and work projects often take priority. I'll save your report and get to it as soon as I can, but it may take me a couple of months.

SOURCE REPOSITORY

rra-c-util is maintained using Git. You can access the current source on GitHub at:

    https://github.com/rra/rra-c-util

or by cloning the repository at:

    https://git.eyrie.org/git/devel/rra-c-util.git

or view the repository via the web at:

    https://git.eyrie.org/?p=devel/rra-c-util.git

The eyrie.org repository is the canonical one, maintained by the author, but using GitHub is probably more convenient for most purposes. Pull requests are gratefully reviewed and normally accepted.

LICENSE

The rra-c-util package as a whole is covered by the following copyright statement and license:

  Copyright 2000, 2009-2010, 2013-2016 Russ Allbery <eagle@eyrie.org>
  Copyright 2009-2014
      The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
  Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
  a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
  "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
  without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
  distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
  permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
  the following conditions:
  The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
  included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
  THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
  EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
  MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
  CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
  TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
  SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Some files in this distribution are individually released under different licenses, all of which are compatible with the above general package license but which may require preservation of additional notices. All required notices, and detailed information about the licensing of each file, are recorded in the LICENSE file.

For any copyright range specified by files in this package as YYYY-ZZZZ, the range specifies every single year in that closed interval.

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