(Send Usenet articles via UUCP)


send-uucp [SITE ...]


The send-uucp program processes batch files written by innd(8) to send Usenet articles to UUCP sites. It reads a configuration file to control how it behaves with various sites. Normally, it's run periodically out of cron to put together batches and send them to remote UUCP sites.


Any arguments provided to the program are interpreted as a list of sites specfied in for which batches should be generated. If no arguments are supplied then batches will be generated for all sites listed in that configuration file.


The sites to which articles are to be sent must be configured in the configuration file Each site is specified with a line of the form:

    site[:host[:funnel]] [compressor [maxsize [batchtime]]]

The news site name being configured. This must match a site name from newsfeeds(5).


The UUCP host name to which batches should be sent for this site. If omitted, the news site name will be used as the UUCP host name.


In the case of a site configured as a funnel, send-uucp needs to flush the channel (or exploder) being used as the target of the funnel instead of flushing the site. This is the way to tell send-uucp the name of the channel or exploder to flush for this site. If not specified, default to flushing the site.


The compression method to use for batches. This should be one of compress, gzip or none. Arguments for the compression command may be specified by using _ instead of spaces. For example, gzip_-9. The default value is compress.


The maximum size of a single batch before compression. The default value is 500,000 bytes.


A comma separated list of hours during which batches should be generated for a given site. When send-uucp runs, a site will only be processed if the current hour matches one of the hours in batchtime. The default is no limitation on when to generate batches.

Fields are seperated by spaces and only the site name needs to be specified, with defaults being used for unspecified values. If the first character on a line is a # then the rest of the line is ignored.


Here is an example configuration file:

    zoetermeer      gzip            1048576         5,18,22
    hoofddorp       gzip            1048576         5,18,22
    pa3ebv          gzip            1048576         5,18,22
    drinkel         gzip            1048576         5,6,18,20,22,0,2
    manhole         compress        1048576         5,18,22
    owl             compress        1048576

This defines eight UUCP sites. The first four use gzip compression and the last three use compress. The first six use a batch size of 1MB, and the last site (able) uses the default of 500,000 bytes. The zoetermeer, hoofddorp, pa3ebv, and manhole sites will only have batches generated for them during the hours of 05:00, 18:00, and 22:00, and the drinkel site will only have batches generated during those hours and 20:00, 00:00, and 02:00. There are no restrictions on when batches will be generated for owl or able.

The pern site is configured as a funnel into MYFUNNEL!. send-uucp will issue ctlinnd flush MYFUNNEL! instead of ctlinnd flush pern.



Configuration file specifying a list of sites to be processed.


The usual flags used for a UUCP feed in the newsfeeds file are Tf,Wfb.


innd(8), newsfeeds(5), uucp(8)


This program was originally written by Edvard Tuinder <> and then maintained and extended by Miquel van Smoorenburg <>. Marco d'Itri <> cleaned up the code for inclusion in INN. This manual page was written by Mark Brown <>.

Last modified and spun 2022-12-12